602-3 B. UNEARNED INCOME
1. Public Assistance
Public assistance income includes TANF Temporary Assistance for Needy Families payments (Alaska Temporary Assistance Program and Native Family Assistance) and Adult Public Assistance payments (Aid to the Disabled, Aid to the Blind, Old Age Assistance, Interim Assistance).
Verify through the DPA Division of Public Assistance case file or EIS Eligibility Information System computer screen, or Native Family Assistance agency.
Public assistance income belongs to the person or persons it is intended to cover. The monthly benefit received by the household is counted as unearned income in the month of intended use.
A payment made as a single monthly payment is considered received in the month of intended use when mailing cycles or payment schedules cause the payment to be made early.
A payment received after the month of intended use is late; late or retroactive payments are considered nonrecurring lump-sum payments, and excluded as income.
Reductions due to Fraud: When a TANF Temporary Assistance for Needy Families or APA Adult Public Assistance benefit is reduced to repay a fraud overpayment, the calculation of the SNAP allotment will use the TANF Temporary Assistance for Needy Families or APA Adult Public Assistance amount the household would have received without the grant reduction. This applies only if a formal fraud finding has been determined by the administrative disqualification process or a conviction by court. See MS 604-3I.
Reductions due to Imposed Penalty: When a TANF Temporary Assistance for Needy Families benefit is reduced as a result of an imposed penalty for failing to comply with a TANF Temporary Assistance for Needy Families program requirement, the household's SNAP allotment will be reduced.
• When the Alaska Temporary Assistance or CITC Cook Inlet Tribal Council Native Family Assistance benefit is reduced, EIS Eligibility Information System is programmed to reduce the SNAP allotment by 25%.
• When the AVCP Association of Village Council Presidents , T&H Tlingit & Haida Central Council , or TCC Tanana Chiefs Conference Native Family Assistance benefit is reduced, the caseworker will use the TANF Temporary Assistance for Needy Families benefit amount the household would have received had the penalty not been imposed.
The SNAP benefit is not reduced when there is no Alaska Temporary Assistance or Native Family Assistance benefit issued in the month.
2. SSI Supplemental Security Income / SSA Social Security Administration/ VA Veteran's Administration Income
Social Security benefits (SSA Social Security Administration) - retirement, survivor's disability, and dependents benefits; Supplemental Security Income (SSI Supplemental Security Income) - aged, blind and disabled person's benefits; and Veteran's benefits are considered unearned income.
Verify with a copy of the current check; current Social Security or VA Veteran's Administration award letter; a statement from Social Security or Veteran's Administration verifying the monthly amount; SDX/Bendex printouts; or EIS Eligibility Information System interface screen.
The monthly entitlement including the cost of Medicare, if deducted, is counted as income in the month of intended use.
payment made as a single monthly payment is considered
received in the month of intended use when mailing
cycles or payment schedules cause the payment to be
payment received after the month of intended use is
late; late or retroactive payments are considered
nonrecurring lump-sum payments, and excluded as income.
are excluded from income. If a portion of the
payment is returned to repay an overpayment, the portion
recouped is not counted as income.
portion that is deducted from a VA payment under the
Uniformed Services Former Spouse Protection Act is
not counted as income.
fees are excluded from income. The portion of the
SSI Supplemental Security Income payment that is
deducted as a payee fee, up to 10% of the monthly
benefit not to exceed $82*, is excluded. If
the client’s disability is based on drug addiction
or alcoholism, the fee can be 10% of the monthly benefit
not to exceed $82* and must be verified. To
qualify to collect a payee fee, the organization must
be a community based nonprofit social service agency.
(*Fee amounts effective January 2020)
Payee fees for other SSA Social Security Administration benefit payments may also be excluded from income, but the payee must be approved by the Social Security Administration.
In order for the payee to collect a fee, the payee must work for a community based nonprofit social service agency (i.e. no state government entity, for profit company or private citizens).
3. Child Support Payments
Child support income includes:
Payments received from the non-custodial parent or a child support enforcement agency, including full or partial monthly obligation payments, payments toward obligation arrearage, and voluntary payments.
Child Support Services Division (CSSD Child Support Services Division) pass-through payments paid through DPA Division of Public Assistance or a Native Family Assistance Program agency to a TANF Temporary Assistance for Needy Families recipient.
Includes, but not limited to, CSSD Child Support Services Division computer screen, the CSSD Child Support Services Division payment stub, a signed statement from the non-custodial parent, the TAIH Temporary Assistance Issuance History screen on EIS Eligibility Information System showing the issuance of a pass-through payment.
Child support payments are counted as income to the person receiving it. See MS 603-1 for policy on estimating income.
When the person receiving child support is not a TANF Temporary Assistance for Needy Families recipient, determine the household's monthly child support income by considering all child support received and expected to be received. See MS 603-1 for policy on estimating income.
One-time child support arrearage payments are treated as nonrecurring lump-sum payments and excluded as income. See MS 602-3D(13).
When the person receiving child support is a TANF Temporary Assistance for Needy Families recipient:
CSSD Child Support Services Division
pass-through payments paid through DPA Division of Public Assistance or a Native Family Assistance
Program agency to a TANF Temporary Assistance for Needy Families
recipient are counted as unearned income.
Only the first $50 per month
received and kept by TANF Temporary Assistance for Needy Families
recipients directly from the non-custodial parent
is countable. The remainder is considered assigned
child support and is excluded income. Assigned
child support is child support given or paid to TANF Temporary Assistance for Needy Families recipients that should be turned
over to a child support agency to maintain TANF Temporary Assistance for Needy Families eligibility.
Child support payments received by TANF Temporary Assistance for Needy Families recipients from a child support enforcement agency are disbursements and are countable income. However, payments made in error are excluded income.
A TANF Temporary Assistance for Needy Families applicant becomes a recipient the moment the caseworker authorizes the TANF Temporary Assistance for Needy Families benefit on EIS Eligibility Information System . All direct child support payment received and kept prior to this authorization is countable income.
4. Third-Party Payee
Payments made to a third-party payee on behalf of a recipient. For example, SSI Supplemental Security Income , SSA Social Security Administration and ATAP Alaska Temporary Assistance Program payments assigned to payees who represent recipients unable to manage the payments.
Includes, but not limited to, a signed statement from the agency that designated the third-party beneficiary, and a copy of the checks received.
The payment used for the care and maintenance of the recipient is considered income to the recipient in the month received. Money received in the form of a single monthly payment will be considered received in the month it is normally received if mailing cycles or payment schedules cause two payments to be received in one month. Late or retroactive payments are considered nonrecurring lump-sum payments. See MS 602-3D(13).
5. Educational Income
Education assistance that is not funded under Title IV of the Higher Education Act or the Bureau of Indian Affairs student assistance program funds is excluded as income if it is used or will be used for paying tuition, fees, or other necessary education expenses at any educational institution, including vocational, technical, and correspondence schools, and schools for people with disabilities.
Any portion of education assistance that will not be used or set aside for paying tuition, fees, or other necessary education expenses is countable unearned income.
See MS 605-1B for budgeting procedures.
6. Countable Vendor Payments
Vendor payments are cash payments made by a person or organization outside of a household directly to a provider (vendor) to meet expenses for the household. In general, a vendor payment is countable income if the household is legally entitled to the payment or legally eligible for it. If the vendor payment is received after the month of intended use, the payment is exempt as income and counted as a nonrecurring lump-sum payment in the month of receipt.
Client applied for BIA Bureau of Indian Affairs General Assistance on June 18th for help with an eviction. If the money is received in June, it is countable income. If it is not received by the client or landlord until July, it is a non-recurring lump sum payment and is exempt as income.
Housing assistance from the Alaska Housing Finance Corporation (AHFC Alaska Housing Finance Corporation) or a local government housing authority and heating assistance payments are specifically excluded as income.
When determining if the vendor payment should be counted as income to the household, distinguish whether the person or organization making the payment on behalf of the household is using funds that otherwise would have to be paid to the household. If the person or organization making the vendor payment owes the money to the household, the money must be counted as income to the household.
A court order specifies that a former spouse (in the SNAP household) be paid $450 per month child support. At the former spouse’s request, the $450 is sent instead to the landlord for rent. The money is owed to the former spouse (by court order), so it is countable income for the household.
Includes, but is not limited to, a letter from the payer, a copy of the legal agreement, or collateral contact.
A vendor payment, which is not exempt income, is considered unearned income to the household in the month it is received by the vendor. Money received in the form of a single monthly payment will be considered received in the month it is normally received if mailing cycles or payment schedules cause two payments to be received in one month. Late or retroactive payments are considered nonrecurring lump-sum payments. See MS 602-3D(13).
7. Other Sources of Countable Unearned Income
The following are considered other sources of unearned income (not all-inclusive):
a. Workers' Compensation;
Insurance Benefits ( UIB Unemployment Insurance Benefit ), including
amounts garnisheed; See MS 602-3;
c. Other assistance
payments, such as Senior Benefits Program payments;
d. Annuities, pensions, retirement, and disability benefits;
Annuity payments paid quarterly shall be averaged over the three months and counted as monthly income; annuity payments paid annually shall be averaged over twelve months and counted as monthly income.
(gross income minus costs of doing business). Costs of doing
business may include the mortgage, taxes, and insurance. See
605-2D(3) for a complete list of costs of doing business. When
a household member is actively engaged in the management of the property
at least 20 hours per week, it will be considered earned income;
Rental income received in a lump sum shall be averaged over the months of intended use and counted as monthly income.
Income received from the lease of a limited entry fishing permit is considered unearned rental income.
The total foster
care payment made to a household for a legally assigned foster child
or adult, if the foster child/adult is included as a member of the
household. If the child/adult is not included, the foster care
payment is not included as income to the household; See MS 605-1C.
Dividends (including Permanent Fund Dividend, see MS 605-7), interest, royalties and similar recurring payments;
When payments received as an advance or reimbursement for volunteer
job training or work-related services exceed the expense incurred,
the excess amount is included as income;
including payments to a household from a wage earner not residing
with the household because of his or her employment;
Deposits made to bank accounts owned or jointly owned by the household, unless identified as income previously considered. A deposit made to a joint or account will be considered income to the household unless it can be documented that the deposit is not intended for and will not be used by the household;
income; Please see MS
605-2E for budgeting military income.
Any money benefit
not otherwise exempted;
Lottery winnings paid on an annual basis shall be averaged over twelve months and counted as monthly income.
Households that contain individuals who receive substantial lottery or gaming winnings ($3,500 or more won in a single game) must lose SNAP Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program eligibility upon receiving the winnings. The households may again become eligible for SNAP Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program when the household again meets normal income and resource standards.
Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA Bureau of Indian Affairs) General Assistance Program payments made to the household or to a vendor on behalf of the household, is countable income if received by the household or vendor in the month of intended use. If the BIA Bureau of Indian Affairs - GA General Assistance payment is received after the month of intended use, the payment is exempt as income and counted as a nonrecurring lump-sum payment in the month of receipt.
Refugee cash assistance payments. Monthly refugee cash assistance payments made through the Refugee Assistance & Immigration Services program administered by Catholic Social Services are countable income; See Administrative Procedures Manual section 128-4 for more information about refugee assistance.
The one-time refugee resettlement payment some refugees receive is considered a non-recurring lump sum and is excluded as income, but countable as a resource. See MS 602-3D(13) and MS 602-2D(2).
Subsidized adoption payments are intended to cover expenses incurred due to the special needs of an adopted child. These payments are countable income for SNAP.
Credit card company gift cards; FNS has determined that credit card company gift cards can be spent in the same way as cash and should be counted for program purposes. Consider credit card gift cards as countable unearned income when payments are regularly received and can be anticipated. For more information on when to treat gift cards as a resource refer to MS 602-2 (A) or as exempt income refer to MS 602-3 D(13).
Anthony has a reloadable credit card company gift card that his uncle deposits $150.00 per month on for Anthony to use for his day-to-day needs. Since this money is regularly received and can be anticipated, it is counted by the Eligibility Technician as unearned income.
Monthly income deposited directly into a Medicaid Qualifying Trust does not count as income to the individual. If monthly income is deposited into a personal account before being transferred into the Medicaid Qualifying Trust, the full monthly gross income counts when determining eligibility for SNAP.
Money withdrawn from a Medicaid Qualifying Trust that are not vendor payments or dividends payable from trusts count as income when the funds are received.